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Benchmark results

The results in this section are well established benchmark results to be used for validation of newly developed codes.

Rayleigh scattering

  • Comprehensive tables for Rayleigh scattering:
    K. L. Coulson, J. V. Dave, and Z. Sekera. Tables Related to Radiation Emerging from a Planetary Atmosphere with Rayleigh Scattering. University of California Press, 1960.
  • Correction for the Coulson's et al. Rayleigh tables:
    Nataraj V., Li K.-F., and Young Y.I., 2009: Rayleigh scattering in planetary atmospheres: corrected tables through accurate computation of X and Y functions. Astrophysical Journal, 691, pp. 1909-1920.
    Tables can be downloaded at
  • Rayleigh scattering (single scattering albedo as a function of optical depth):
    Mishchenko, M.I., 1990: The fast invariant imbedding method for polarized light: computational aspects and numerical results for Rayleigh scattering. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 43, No 2, 163-171.
  • Internal radiation field of a planetary atmosphere:
    Stammes P., de Haan JF, and Hovenier JW, 1989: The polarized internal radiation field of a planetary atmosphere. Astron.Astroph, 225, pp.239-259.

Aerosol scattering

  • Results for aerosol scattering (aspherical particles) can be found in the following publication:
    Wauben, W. M. F. and Hovenier, J. W.: Polarized radiation of an atmosphere containing randomly-oriented spheroids, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 47, 491–504, doi:10.1016/0022-4073(92)90108-G, 1992.
  • Two homogeneous layers above a Lambertian surface. Non-zero depolarization factor is assumed for the top (Rayleigh) layer:
    Wauben, W.M.F., J.F. de Haan, and J.W. Hovenier, 1994: A method for computing visible and infrared polarized monochromatic radiation in planetary atmospheres. Astron. Astrophys. 282, 277-290.
  • Some results for I and Q for low orders of scattering, as well as sum of all scatterings are given in:
    Wauben WMF, de Haan JF, and Hovenier JW, 1993: Low orders of scattering in plane-parallel homogeneous atmosphere. Astron.Astroph., 276, pp.589-602.
  • Two homegeneous layers (aerosol+Rayleigh)
    Haan, J.F. de, P.B. Bosma, and J.W. Hovenier, 1987: The adding method for multiple scattering calcualtions of polarized light. Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371-391.
  • Reflected, transmitted and internal light field: Two types of aerosols with L=13 and 60 moments are considered in
    Garcia, R.D.M., C.E. Siewert, 1989: The FN method for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects, . J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, No 2, 117-145.
  • Results for similar scenarios but with smaller number of significant digits are tabulated in:
    Garcia, R.D.M., C.E. Siewert, 1986: A generalized spherical harmonics solution for radiative transfer models that include polarization effects, . J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 36, No 5, 401-423.
  • One of the two scenarios mentioned above, the L=13 case, is tabulated in:
    Siewert, C. E., 2000: A discrete-ordinates solution for radiative-transfer models that include polarization effects. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 64, 227-254.
  • Those working with Fourier decomposition of the light field, might find useful the following paper where results are given for several first Fourier moments separately:
    Vestrucci, P., C.E. Siewert, 1984: A numerical evaluation of analytical representation of the components in a Fourier decomposition of the phase matrix for the scattering of polarized light. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 31, No 2, 177-183.

Cloud and aerosol scattering (realistic phase matrix)

  • Realistic phase matrices with sharp forward scattering peak:
    A. A. Kokhanovsky, V. P. Budak, C. Cornet, M. Duan, C. Emde, I. L. Katsev, D. A. Klyukov, S. V. Korkin, L. C-Labonnote, B. Mayer, Q. Min, T. Nakajima, Y. Ota, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, T. Yokota, and E. P. Zege. Benchmark results in vector atmospheric radiative transfer. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 111(12-13):1931 - 1946, 2010.

Benchmark results available at A. Kokhanovsky's homepage.

Coupled atmosphere-ocean models

  • Jacek Chowdhary, Peng-Wang Zhai, Feng Xu, Robert Frouin, Didier Ramon, Testbed results for scalar and vector radiative transfer computations of light in atmosphere-ocean systems, JQSRT, Volume 242, 2020. link

More benchmark results

  • Scattering of a completely linear polarized beam, Fo=[1 1 0 0]:
    Mishchenko M.I., 1991: Reflection of polarized light by plane-parallel slabs containig randomly-oriented, nonspherical particles. JQSRT, 46(3), pp.171-181.
  • Results for different total optical thicknesses of a layer, different phase matrices, and two types of incident beams, natural Fo=[1 0 0 0] and elliptically polarized Fo=[1 0 0 1]:
    Garcia RDM, Siewert CE, 2011: A simplified implementation of the discrete -ordinates method for a class of problems in radiative transfer with polarization. JQSRT, 112, pp.2801-2813.
  • Garcia R, Siewert CE, 1985: Benchmark results in raditive transfer. Transport Theory and Statistical Physics, 14, pp.437-484.
  • Maiorino J.R., Siewert C.E., 1980: The FN method for poalrization studies - II.Numerical Results. JQSRT, 24, pp.159-165.
benchmarks/benchmarks.txt · Last modified: 2021/09/03 07:33 (external edit)